What is a cookie?
A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored in your browser when you visit almost any web page. The usefulness of the cookie is that the site is able to remember your visit when you navigate again through that page. Although many people do not know that cookies have been used since 20 years ago, when the first browsers were introduced to the World Wide Web.
What a cookie IS NOT?
It is not a virus, or a Trojan horse, or spam, spyware, or pop-up window.
What information stores a cookie?
Cookies do not store sensitive information about you, such as credit cards or bank details, photos, your ID card or personal information, etc. The stored data has a technical nature, personal preferences, personalization of content, etc.
The web server is not associated with you as an individual, it is associated to your web browser. In fact, if you browse with Internet Explorer and try to browse the same web with Firefox or Chrome, you will see that the web does not realize that you are the same person because it is associated to the browser, not to the person.
What kind of cookies are there?
- Technical Cookies: these are the most elemental cookies and allow, among other things, to know when a human or an automated application is browsing, when you browse as an anonymous user or as a registered user, basic tasks for the operation of any dynamic web.
- Cookies of analysis: they gather information on the type of navigation, the sections you use most, products consulted, time slot, language, etc.
- Advertising Cookies: they show advertising based on your navigation, your country of origin, language, etc.
What are own cookies and those of third parties?
Own cookies are those generated by the web page you are visiting and those of third parties are generated by external service providers or services such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if I deactivate
In order to understand the extent it has to deactivate cookies hereunder there are some examples:
- You will not be able to share content from this website in Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The website will not be able to adapt content to your personal preferences, as is often the case in online shops.
- You will not be able to access the personal area of this website, such as for example My Account, or My Profile or My Orders.
- Online shops: you cannot make purchases online, you will have to phone or visit the store if there is any in your city.
- It will not be possible to customize your geographical preferences as well as time zone, currency or language preferences.
- The website cannot perform web analytics about visitors and web traffic, making difficult for the website to be competitive.
- You cannot write on the blog, you cannot upload photos, post comments, or rate content. The website will also not be able to know whether you are a human or an automated application that publishes spam.
- You will not be able to show sectored advertising, which will reduce advertising revenues of the web.
Can I delete cookies?
Yes, but not only delete them, also block them in general or particular for a specific domain.
To delete cookies of a website, you have to go to the settings section of your browser and there you will be able to find the associated cookies to the domain and delete them.
Cookies settings for most popular browsers
Hereunder we indicate you how to access to a cookie from the Chrome browser. Note: These steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:
- Go to Settings or Preferences by using the File menu or by clicking the icon of customization that appears at the top right.
- You will see different sections, click the option Show advanced options.
- Go to Privacy, Content Settings.
- Select All cookies and website data.
- You will see a list with all the cookies sorted by domain. To make it easier for you to find cookies of a specific domain enter partially or completely the address in the Find cookies field.
- After this filter there will be on the screen one or more lines with the requested web cookies. Now you only have to select it and press X to eliminate it.
To access the configuration of cookies from the Internet Explorer browser follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Tools Internet Options
- Move the slider to adjust the level of privacy that you want.
To access the cookie settings of the Firefox browser, follow these steps (may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Options or Preferences according to your operating system.
- In History select Use custom settings for history.
- Now you will see the option to accept cookies, you can turn it on or off according to your preferences.
To access the configuration of cookies of the Safari browser for OSX follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Here you will see the option Block cookies to adjust the lock type that you want.
To access the configuration of cookies of the Safari browser for iOS, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Settings, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security, you will see the option to Block cookies to adjust the lock type that you want.
To access the configuration of cookies for Android devices follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Run the browser and click the Menu key, then Settings.
- Go to Security and Privacy, you will see the option Accept cookies in order to select or clear the check box.
To access the configuration of cookies for Windows Phone devices follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Settings
- Now you can select or clear the check box called Allow cookies.